Literary realism - Wikipedia

 

realism in literature characteristics

Realism, in the arts, the accurate, detailed, unembellished depiction of nature or of contemporary life. Realism rejects imaginative idealization in favour of a close observation of outward appearances. As such, realism in its broad sense has comprised many artistic currents in different civilizations. Realism in art essentially refers to composition constructed as plainly and without interpretation as possible. The movement is generally noted to have originated from France around the s. Artists sought to resist the more romantic notions represented in art and also to . Characteristics of Realism in literature? Renders reality closely and in comprehensive detail. Selective presentation of reality with an emphasis on verisimilitude, even at the expense of a well.


Characteristics of Realism in Art | Pen and the Pad


Craig White's Literature Courses. Realism may be understood as both a style of literature in general and a period of American literature specifically. Realism as a literary style may be best understood in comparison or contrast with Romanticismor vice versa. Like RomanticismRealism is both a recurring style in literature and the name for a particular period of American literature in the late s-early s when writers intentionally developed this style in reaction against Romanticism. Oxford English Dictionary3a.

Inclination or attachment to what is real; hence the attitude or practice of accepting a situation as it is and being prepared to deal with it realism in literature characteristics any view or system contrasted with idealism. Also: an instance or example of this. Realism as style. Greater attention to detail verisimilitude may create a more detailed setting with potential distractions from a simple narrative.

Settings may be grittier, more enclosed or limiting than the idealized natural landscapes and distant horizons of Romanticism. Descriptions realism in literature characteristics on knowledge or experience in contrast to imaginationwhich inspires Romanticism.

Social pressures become more important or determining than the heroic individualism of Romanticism. You as an individual don't make up your mind or decide your choices; social training does that for you. Characters are internally motivated by real-life urges like greed, lust, confusion more than honorrealism in literature characteristics, service, etc.

Characters are complex mixes of good and bad compared to popular or extreme romance narrativeswhere characters are more symbolic types, realism in literature characteristics, like gallant heroes, dastardly villains, innocent and helpless women, faithful servants. Everyday reality doesn't offer escape and opportunity but conflicts and complications. Realistic fiction or writing may devote more description to work or labor compared to Romanticismwhich does not typically represent toil or everyday labor, and elevates conflicts to issues of honorrealism in literature characteristics, heart, dignity, responsibility, or heroism rather than the everyday encounter and resolution of technical or material difficulties.

Speech in realism is more vernacular and idiomaticlike common people of particular classes or regions talk. Romantic rhetoric often strains to be more elevated or universal and tends to extremes of intimacy or excess. Presence of humorwhose "deflating" tendencies find a natural fit with Realism's attention to everyday reality or limits, which humans endure by laughing them off.

In contrast, Romanticism generally takes itself seriously; its dreams are easily punctured by wit and humor. Realism as attitude, realism in literature characteristics. Romanticism as anything but the here and now. Romanticism as transcendence, abstraction, fantasy, dreamland. Romanticism has little sense of humor —aspiring for more than reality, Romanticism takes itself seriously.

Romanticism loses credibility by being unrealistic but wins imaginatively by being able to think outside the box, imagine better or worse, or alternative possibilities. Realism deals more directly with everyday realities but in the process accepts their limits on imagination or possibility. On the other hand, the surprising nature of reality may contrast with the formulaic nature of romance or legend: "Truth is stranger than fiction. Historical reality, however, is more like weather systems—determined by multiple factors and taking unpredictable forms.

On another scale of measure, Romantic fiction tends to operate in a comparatively small world with a limited number of characters; reality is infinite in scale and ranges from the microscopic to the realism in literature characteristics in entity and effect: "I am the master of my fate" vs. Realistic style may be marked by the prominence of particular tropes or figures of speech.

According to Jakobson, Romantic-poetic style emphasizes metaphor as its most characteristic figure of speech, while Realistic-prosaic style emphasizes metonym. Realism as period. In Europe and North America, the Realistic period occurs in the late s after Romanticism in the late s-early s and prevails through the early 20th century into Modernism.

Like Romanticismhowever, Realistic styles and values appear both earlier and later. In study of American Literature by periodsRealism begins after the Civil Warrealism in literature characteristics Romanticism ss and continues until the s or World War 1when it is succeeded by Modernism. Realism continues in more symbolic styles in the Modernist writings of Ernest Hemingway, F.

Scott Fitzgerald, and William Faulkner, among others. Realism's attention to socio-economic class may reflect the Gilded Age when, realism in literature characteristics, as in contemporary America, increasing concentrations of wealth replaced the "common-man" politics of the Romantic era.

Local Color or Regionalism. ChesnuttWilla Cathe r European antecedents: possibly Ivan Turgenev Russia and France, The Hunting Sketches, but, as a "local" tradition, the movement's influences are open realism in literature characteristics question. Some sources add "veritism" to Realism's list of movements.

This theory by Hamlin Garland [in Crumbling Idols ] asserts a more scientific standpoint than Howells's moralism and emphasis on the "smiling" aspects of life but also opposes the "immoralism" of mainstream Naturalism derived from Zola, realism in literature characteristics. However, Garland's best work, such as the short story "Under the Lion's Paw," resembles naturalism, though perhaps less pessimistic and more reform-minded.

European antecedents and contemporaries: Emile Zola France,novelist Nana ; Le Roman experimenta l; Hippolyte Taine France,philosopher and historian "la race, le milieu, et le moment" ; Thomas Hardy England, Tess of the D'Urbervilles Historical influences: Darwinian biology; laissez-faire capitalism; Calvinism unknowable and random God in irrational cosmos ; Taine's theory of "race, moment, and environment"; the Nietzschean "superman".

 

What is Realism in Literature? Books for the Every Day Person

 

realism in literature characteristics

 

Realism may be understood as both a style of literature in general and a period of American literature specifically.. Realism as a literary style may be best understood in comparison or contrast with Romanticism, or vice versa. For extended comparisons, scroll down Like Romanticism, Realism is both a recurring style in literature and the name for a particular period of American. Characteristics of Realism in literature? Renders reality closely and in comprehensive detail. Selective presentation of reality with an emphasis on verisimilitude, even at the expense of a well. Realism in art essentially refers to composition constructed as plainly and without interpretation as possible. The movement is generally noted to have originated from France around the s. Artists sought to resist the more romantic notions represented in art and also to .