Developing a Formal Outline — Hunter College

 

what is an informal outline

How to Make an Informal Outline. As this is an informal outline, there are no strict rules to follow and no structure to adhere to. An informal outline is just normally prepared by you, the writer, it is not rigid and controlling. It is somewhat like a free-flow writing where you jot down additional details as you progress. Your instructor may or may not require an outline as part of your assignment; if required, there are usually guidelines to follow in preparing the outline. When you have no specific guidelines, select the form that best suits the kind of paper you are writing, either an informal or scratch outline or a formal outline. What Is a Formal Outline Format? There are different kinds of outline templates, such as formal outline staplrsvsq.ga succinctly, a formal outline, even for specific types like essay outline templates, contains these elements. Logical staplrsvsq.ga means making sure that your paper flows naturally from topic to topic so as to ensure a sense of order.


How to Write My Informal Outline With a Thesis | Pen and the Pad


Skip to content. Skip to navigation. An what is an informal outline should represent a writer's best effort to explore a subject, to break it into parts, to arrange ideas, and to test out possible strategies of organization for the purpose of clarity.

Your instructor may or may not require an outline as part of your assignment; if required, there are usually guidelines to follow in preparing the outline. When you have no specific guidelines, select the form that best suits the kind of paper you are writing, either an informal or scratch outline or a formal outline.

In planning a long paper, especially one involving research, what is an informal outline, you will most likely want to make a formal outline that functions as a topic outline or sentence outline. The topic outline, what is an informal outline, the most frequently used kind of formal outline, helps to organize longer papers.

It consists of brief phrases or single words not sentences that are numbered or lettered to show the order and relative importance of the ideas. While topic outlines often seem precise and formal, what is an informal outline, they should be treated as part of the writing process. Developing such an outline can help you arrive at a satisfying plan for arranging your ideas.

To prepare a topic outline, get all your ideas on paper. Let us say you have brainstormed the subject "The Army as a Career for College Men and Women" and produced this rough, unsorted list of ideas:. Looking at your list, you discover that some points stress the advantages of an army career, others the disadvantages.

The next step is to divide the notes into two categories:. In this form the relationship between the various ideas is not shown What is the relationship between "Promotion slow but steady" and "Many different branches appeal to different interests"? In analyzing the columns, however, you can see that there are two main ideas in each: the financial aspect of an army career and the living conditions that go with army life.

You might then balance the notes in this way:, what is an informal outline. Arranging your notes in some system may help you what is an informal outline on the main point you want to make in your paper. At this stage you can see that there is more and stronger material on the financial advantages of a military career than on its disadvantages. On the other hand, the disadvantages of living conditions seem to outweigh the advantages.

Assuming that you want to treat the subject fully and favorably, you could frame a tentative thesis statement: "Although there are definite disadvantages to any army career, the advantages outweigh them. With the preliminary thesis as your guide, you can arrange the outline so that every part of it contributes directly to the purpose of the paper.

Examine each heading to see if it needs to be strengthened or elaborated, if it repeats or overlaps another heading, or if it is unrelated to the central idea. In the first part of the outline, "Cost of uniforms" seems weak. Aren't officers given allowances for their uniforms? Career officers are expected to entertain. Perhaps "Expense what is an informal outline frequent entertaining" is stronger, so substitute it for "Cost of uniforms. The financial advantages of an army career seem to stand out, but looking at these entries carefully, you will see that some overlap or are actually minor parts of other points.

The heading "Security" covers "Slow but steady promotion" "Commissioned ranks open to men and women graduates" might be added to that pointand "Can't be fired. It should, therefore, be shifted to the second main heading. Under "Advantages" in the second main heading, the first entry, "Many different branches appeal to different interests," seems incorrectly phrased.

Perhaps the point is that military people may be able to find jobs they like or are best qualified for. As the plan now stands, the first part seems stronger. To make the argument more convincing, it would be a good idea to reverse the present order: begin with "Living conditions" and end the paper on an emphatic note—the training that the army affords for success in other fields.

After these changes have been made, and after some headings have been reworded to make them parallel in form, the final outline might look like this:. Thesis statement: Despite problems with living conditions and finances, college men and women can find satisfactory careers in the army. The outline now can be the basis for an orderly paper that makes a definite point.

It can also serve as a guide for a reader of the finished essay. A sentence outline is developed in the same way as a topic outline, but the ideas are more fully stated. Each heading is expressed as a complete sentence, usually, what is an informal outline, but not always, consisting of just one main clause. Thesis statement: Though many students from middle-income families must struggle to meet college costs, low-income students suffer even more because of the ways in which colleges and federal agencies distribute aid, what is an informal outline, advertise it, analyze students' needs, and "package" the aid provided.

A full-sentence outline allows you to see exactly where you are headed from the beginning of the paper to the end. As an ordered structure of assertions that work together to support the thesis, this kind of outline plainly defines the writer's argumentative strategy. And the sentences are likely to be included in the draft of the paper, facilitating an efficient transition from outline to essay.

Note these criteria of a sentence outline: each heading is a complete, single sentence, not two or three; each sentence is in the form of a statement, not a question; all the sentences are in the same tense. Skip to navigation Search Hunter. Advanced Search…. Murray and Anna C. Let us say you have brainstormed the subject "The Army as a Career for College Men and Women" and produced this rough, unsorted list of ideas: Security Promotion slow but steady Many different branches appeal to different interests Low pay Commissioned ranks open to men and women graduates Can't be fired Cost of uniforms What is an informal outline often annoying Frequent moves hard on soldier's family See interesting places and people Social life restricted to what is an informal outline circle Good retirement benefits Annual vacation with pay Military job training useful in civilian careers Looking at your list, you discover that some points stress the advantages of an army career, others the disadvantages.

You might then balance the notes in this way: Financial aspect Disadvantages Low what is an informal outline Cost of uniforms Advantages Security Promotion slow but steady Commissioned ranks open to men and women graduates Can't be fired Good retirement benefits Annual vacation what is an informal outline pay Military job training useful in civilian careers Social aspect Disadvantages Discipline often annoying Frequent moves hard on soldier's family Social life restricted to small circle Advantages Many different branches appeal to different interests See interesting places and people Finding a Thesis Arranging your notes in some system may help you decide on the main point you want to make in your paper.

Revising the Outline With the preliminary thesis as your guide, you can arrange the outline so that every part of it contributes directly to the purpose of the paper. After these changes have been made, what is an informal outline, and after some headings have been reworded to make them parallel in form, the final outline might look like this: Thesis statement: Despite problems with living conditions and finances, college men and women can find satisfactory careers in the army.

Living conditions Disadvantages Discipline often annoying Frequent moves hard on family Social life restricted to a small circle Advantages Opportunity to find the job one is suited for Annual leaves with pay Chance to travel, to see new places, and to meet new people Financial considerations Disadvantages Low pay Frequent entertaining is expensive Advantages Security Slow but steady promotion, including commissions for men and women graduates Permanent employment Good retirement benefits Preparation for success in civilian careers after retirement from the military The outline now can be the basis for an orderly paper that makes a definite point.

College costs often exceed what middle-income families can comfortably afford. But low-income students face greater obstacles to higher education than middle-income students do. Federal programs now work to the disadvantage of low-income students, what is an informal outline. With funding for grants "disproportionately lower" than funding for loans, fear of heavy debt makes low-income students unwilling to borrow.

The half-cost rule hurts low-income students more than it helps middle-income students. Besides cutbacks in federal aid to education, cutbacks and restrictions in other federal programs also penalize low-income students.

Colleges are generally neglecting low-income students. Better-off students are squeezing out low-income students even at public and what is an informal outline colleges.

Competing for students from middle-income families, some colleges are granting aid to students who don't truly need it. The gap between the cost of college and the value of aid—including aid from the college itself—forces low-income students into overly demanding combinations of work and study. Without spending substantially more, colleges and federal agencies can and should give low-income students a better chance.

The federal government should eliminate the half-cost rule in the distribution of Pell Grants. The Department of Education should advertise its aid programs more effectively. Colleges and federal agencies alike should analyze every student's needs more rigorously. They should also increase the value of grants in packages of aid designed for low-income students.

Conclusion: All of these steps can help to insure that truly needy students get the educational opportunities they deserve. Document Actions Print this. Security Promotion slow but steady Many different branches appeal to different interests Low pay Commissioned ranks open to men and women graduates Can't be fired Cost of uniforms.

Discipline often annoying Frequent moves hard on soldier's family See interesting places and people Social life restricted to small circle Good retirement benefits Annual vacation with pay Military job training useful in civilian careers.

 

How to Create a Formal Outline ~ Writing Simplified

 

what is an informal outline

 

Making an Informal Outline Once you have decided on a preliminary thesis, you are ready to make an informal outline—a plan you can follow in structuring the body of your paper. You could begin writing without such a plan, but this method is often ineffective. There are simply too many alternatives available to the writer who plunges in at random. Outlines are designed to help structure and organize thoughts before drafting a paper. Informal outlines do not have the rigid structure of formal outlines, and although they may be numbered or left unnumbered, they do not use roman numerals. It is important before beginning any outline to have a basic idea of your. What Is a Formal Outline Format? There are different kinds of outline templates, such as formal outline staplrsvsq.ga succinctly, a formal outline, even for specific types like essay outline templates, contains these elements. Logical staplrsvsq.ga means making sure that your paper flows naturally from topic to topic so as to ensure a sense of order.