How to Write the Introduction and Literature Review Section of a Research Paper | Synonym

 

writing a literature review introduction

May 23,  · The structure of a literature review for an article. When a literature review exists as part of an introduction to a study, it follows the structure of the Introduction itself and moves from the general to the specific—presenting the broadest background information about a topic first and then moving to specific studies that support your study, finally leading to your hypothesis statement. The introduction and literature review to an empirical research study set the stage for the reader. The sections are often considered the most difficult to write. This article provides steps to writing the introduction and literature review sections of an academic research paper. If you are writing a literature review as part of a practice-based exegesis, the content within this module will be relevant to you. However, it’s important to note that, to some extent, your literature review is likely to deviate from a typical literature review.


Introduction to literature reviews - Research & Learning Online


In essence, writing a literature review introduction, a literature review identifies, evaluates and synthesises the relevant literature within a particular field of research. It illuminates writing a literature review introduction knowledge has evolved within the field, highlighting what has already been done, what is generally accepted, what is emerging and what is the current state of thinking on the topic.

In addition, within research-based texts such as a Doctoral thesis, writing a literature review introduction, a literature review identifies a research gap i. However, your literature review does not need to be inclusive of every article and book that has been written on your topic because that will be too broad. Rather, it should include the key sources related to the main debates, trends and gaps in your research area. A review of literature presents much more than a summary of relevant sources.

The act of reviewing involves evaluating individual sources as well as synthesising these sources in order to gain a broad view of the field. When you can clearly observe these things, you will be able to situate writing a literature review introduction own research and contribute to ongoing debates within the field. What do you think a literature review is, and what is it not? Drag and drop the following statements under the right heading and click 'check' to check your answers.

A literature review should not include every single source that you have read. Ensure the sources you analyse are directly relevant to your research question s and topic. As you can see, a core characteristic of literature reviews - and a point of difference from these other genres - is the synthesis of multiple sources. Whereas a critical review evaluates a single source, and an annotated bibliography evaluates a number of sources presented separately within a series of isolated paragraphsa literature review connects and brings together a number of sources, often within single paragraphs - and indeed sentences.

While an annotated bibliography functions as a list, with little opportunity to connect sources, a literature review necessitates the juxtaposing, comparing and contrasting of sources.

Creating an annotated bibliography is a useful step towards completing a literature review, and it is a useful note taking method.

However, the literature review is one step beyond this evaluation of resources, as it is primarily concerned with examining the field. If you are writing a systematic review, you can find useful information in this Library Guide. In a literature review, however, you will notice the synergy between analysis and synthesis as you zoom-in to closely analyse an individual source, then zoom-out to consider it in relation to the broader field. After analysing a range of sources, you should synthesise the relevant sources, connecting, linking and positioning them against each other, in order to identify the recurring themes, trends and areas of agreement or disagreement within writing a literature review introduction research field.

After reading and analysing individual sources, you have identified a key concept relating to your research topic as well as a key resource A relating to that concept. The argument in resource A is supported by another article Bwhich is in turn supported by article D. However, you have also found article C, which contradicts the argument presented in resource A, writing a literature review introduction.

One way to synthesise these texts, is to group together the texts supporting your key resource articles B and Dand explain that article C presents contradictory results.

Then, you would need to examine the methodological differences or any other possible reasons for the contradictory results. Another way of managing sources and arguments presented in them is to use a literature review matrix also called synthesis matrix.

Literature review matrix is a table in which you can represent the views, ideas, or data according to thematic categories that correspond to your research project. As you fill out your matrix, writing a literature review introduction, you will begin to get a clearer view of how different sources are related, and recognise patterns that may not have been immediately visible before.

For example, you may see a correlation between sample sizes and types of conclusions, or between specific kinds of aims and the methods chosen to address them. Because information is arranged in thematic columns, you can get a useful overview of all aims, or all methods at a glance. You can add new columns as your understanding improves. Thus the review matrix can also be a powerful tool for synthesising the patterns you identify across literature, and for formulating your own observations, writing a literature review introduction.

Literature reviews exist within different types of scholarly works with varying foci and emphases. Short or miniature literature reviews can be presented in journal articles, book chapters, or coursework assignments to set the background for the research work writing a literature review introduction provide a general understanding of the research topic. However, the focus of a literature review in a graduate research thesis is to identify gaps and argue for the need for further research.

Depending on the purpose of the writer and the context in which the literature review will be presented, a selective or comprehensive approach may be taken. In the selective approach, a single or limited number of sources are reviewed e. A comprehensive approach requires the review of numerous books and articles e. Within a thesis, a literature review may appear in a single chapter — often being the first independent chapter after the introduction, writing a literature review introduction.

As a result, a thesis can contain multiple reviews based upon thematic, conceptual, theoretical and methodological considerations. What is the purpose of conducting a literature review? What function does a literature review serve within a thesis? This is a cyclical process. It is usually one of the first tasks that graduate research students undertake, and one of the last to be completed.

A literature review written in the early stages of research is likely to change because you need to review and revise it from time to time and ensure it is up to date. You will probably find yourself engaging with the literature in different ways at different stages of your research. The review you conduct in your first year helps you to refine and justify your research questions. Your written report demonstrates your familiarity with the research in your field.

Reviewing and revising your literature review during the period of your research is also necessary, to keep it up to date by including reviews of the most recent relevant publications. You will also need to revisit your literature review in the final stages of your research to relate your own findings to what other scholars have previously found in your area. After selecting a topic to investigate, you will begin to locate and read sources. Then you will analyse, evaluate and synthesise the texts before organising them into a logical structure that you will use to write your literature review.

This is a cyclical, iterative process in that you will return to find and read more sources and incorporate them into your synthesis. While many of the general considerations outlined in this module are pertinent to all research, there are some particular things to consider when writing a literature review within your discipline. In the following sections, you will find additional information and advice for writing a literature review within specific disciplinary areas.

Practice-based research often leads to the production of a creative artifact, writing a literature review introduction, a body of work or a performance, as well as an accompanying exegetical text, writing a literature review introduction. If you are writing a literature review as part of a practice-based writing a literature review introduction, the content within this module will be relevant to you.

With a focus on creative practice, your research may not necessarily be guided by an explicit research question or a gap that your research aims to address. This involves identifying and discussing the key concepts, ideas and theories that are relevant to your research. Humanities theses are generally divided into chapters which each deal with an aspect of the research problem.

There is usually also a short literature review in the introduction, to situate and justify the study, but often further appropriate research literature is integrated into each chapter. You can see an example of where literature is dealt with in the annotated humanities example on the Thesis structure writing a literature review introduction. In disciplines which use footnotes for referencing, some of the literature analysis is carried on in the footnotes, in parallel to the main argument in the text above, as can be seen in the example below, from a history thesis.

This is reflected in scholarship that deals with predestination. Historians and theologians tend to focus primarily on its place within Protestant thinking writing a literature review introduction its role in the Reformation, generally seeing the earlier Catholic inheritance as something that began with Augustine and stopped with Aquinas.

In particular, scholars have focused on the abstract, speculative aspects of predestination rather than on the body of doctrine and moral instruction that it involved. In doing so, scholars focus on only the historical facets of predestination doctrine which are applicable to their own view of the concept.

Most works on predestination look at the Protestant concept, with others examining a strict orthodox Catholic interpretation. For an example of this singular focus in this case, Protestantsee, Peter J. Vrin, In scientific and technical disciplines, including medicine and health sciences, the literature review is often more narrowly framed around a specific discipline or research area than in the humanities.

A successful scientific literature review will not only identify the current gap in knowledge, but also position your own research project as a viable way of addressing it, writing a literature review introduction.

You thus need to build a solid argument to convince the reader that your theoretical and methodological approach is likely to result in a worthwhile contribution to knowledge. In writing the review, it is important to identify the overarching themes that show you have a thorough grasp of the big picture, and to ensure your observations are supported by sufficient evidence.

When reviewing and critiquing existing trends and methods, consider their design, writing a literature review introduction, scale and scope, and point out where findings are not comparable or are difficult to compare. Skip to content Skip to navigation. What is meant by the term literature? What is meant by the term review? Activity What do you think a literature review is, writing a literature review introduction, and what is it not?

Analysis and synthesis Writing a literature review involves analysing and synthesising previous research. Different types of literature review Literature reviews exist within different types of scholarly works with varying foci and writing a literature review introduction. The function of literature reviews What is the purpose of conducting a literature review?

The process of conducting a literature review Conducting a literature review is an ongoing, non-linear, and iterative process. Early The review you conduct in your first year helps you to refine and justify your research questions, writing a literature review introduction. Each of the stages mentioned above involves three main steps: locate relevant literature, review the literature, and write about the literature.

Discipline-specific considerations While many of the general considerations outlined in this module are pertinent to all research, there are some particular things to consider when writing a writing a literature review introduction review within your discipline. Practice-based research Practice-based research often leads to the production of a creative artifact, a body of work or a performance, as well as an accompanying exegetical text.

Humanities Humanities theses are generally divided into chapters which each deal with an aspect of the research problem. Science and technology In scientific and technical disciplines, including medicine and health sciences, the literature review is often more narrowly framed around a specific discipline or research area than in the humanities. Literature review.

 

Literature Reviews - The Writing Center

 

writing a literature review introduction

 

The introduction and literature review to an empirical research study set the stage for the reader. The sections are often considered the most difficult to write. This article provides steps to writing the introduction and literature review sections of an academic research paper. May 23,  · The structure of a literature review for an article. When a literature review exists as part of an introduction to a study, it follows the structure of the Introduction itself and moves from the general to the specific—presenting the broadest background information about a topic first and then moving to specific studies that support your study, finally leading to your hypothesis statement. 1. Format for a literature review 2. Steps for writing a literature review 1. Format for a literature review A literature review follows an essay format (Introduction, Body, Conclusion), but if the literature itself is the topic of the essay, your essay will need to consider the literature in terms of .